You need to familiarize with the different parts of a sewing machine before you start the war. If you want to develop your skills in sewing, learn the functions of all parts and their usage.
Things might look dissimilar depending on the machine size and features but the bellow lists are the most common parts of all sewing machine.
parts of sewing machine
The spool wheel and bobbin case
In most of the machine, you will find the bobbin compartments just under the needle and its usually front loading. When the spool wheel is filled with thread then you will fit it in the bobbin case. To wind the bobbin you have to fit it in the bobbin pin and it will load thread to the bobbin.
It controls the movement of fabric while stitching. While stitching to keep the line straight, you have to use your hand. Through the pressure you will impose on the foot paddle, the feed dog will move fast or slow. So to move fast, you need to press down the paddle harder.
Presser foot, lever and regulator
You find this metal under the needle and upon the feed dog. It holds your fabric from slipping. There is also a lever through which you can pull up or down the presser foot. You will find a regulator which maintains the pressure amount to hold your fabric.
Needle and the plate
It’s a long slim metal through you will be able to stitch your fabric. There you will find a needle clamp which holds the needle to keep it straight. The needle goes down through the needle plate which allows you to determine how far your stitches are from the edge of the fabric.
In mechanical sewing machine you have to sew the fabric by flywheel. It will lower and raise the needle to sew. In electrical sewing machine the motor controls the flywheel.
Power switch and reverse switch
Through the power switch, you can start and stop the machine. Most of the time, it is found near the power cord. If you need to reverse stitching then you can use this button.
Tension disc and regulator
If you need to adjust the tension of threading, the disc will help you. If you want tight or loose stitches, then tension regulator will allow you to lower or raise the tension. it controls the tension of the top thread and the bobbin thread in your sewing machine.
This regulator allows you to choose the length of the stitches. You can choose a specific stitch for a particular job. You also can adjust the width of your stitching need.
Beside those important parts you will find some other parts as stitch selector knob to decide your stitching pattern as straight stitch, zigzag, buttonhole, blind hem, etc. To pull the thread and to distribute to the needle, the sewing machine have take-up lever. When it moves down it pulls the threads.