The final checklist guide for troubleshooting of a sewing machine

A sewing machine is very useful when it’s stitching for us. But go back to your memory and think how many times you have to stop your project and start dealing with diagnosing your machine to get it back.

The answer may be hundreds of times, as troubleshooting is a regular problem you deal with if you are using this device for a long time. You may feel lunatics when it’s not behaving rationally.

If you are a novice, then some mistakes are very inevitable, but even a pro-sewer expert can deal with the daily misleading issue of sewing. There are some common problems which occur on a daily basis due to workload, and other types are the common causes are from regular maintenance negligence.

So you have to be ready to deal with any mishap. In hence certain skills and tech know-how will be very useful to treat with complications.

Check the below checklist to identify and rectify sewing problems which will reduce your time and energy to seek the professional’s assistance.

1. Producing Disproportionate Noise:

When you are pissed off with the loud noise of your machine, you must have to stop to see what’s going on. The reasons may be several. Like:

  •  It has been many days since you clean your machine. So pull off the plug and start inspecting.
  • Check the needles and try to replace with proper size
  • Make sure that thread is not wrapped at take-up lever or caught by shuttle.
  • Check the machine and surroundings for any loose screw. Tight it to avoid serious injury.

2. If the machine becomes slow:

You can do a few checking to diagnose the problem.

  • Adjust tension/foot/speed controls
  • Check the bobbin winder
  • Remove unwanted debris from needle plate
  • Look at the motor whether any thread/fabric is wrapped

3. Stop stitching:

If the machine is not sewing then check the needle and thread set up to identify the problems quickly. More actions

• Check needle’s direction and locking system.
• Compare threading set up with user manual.
• Check pressure foot and feed dog settings.
• Bobbin may run out.

4. Power motor or light stop working:

In such a situation follow the below tips

• Watch over the power cord is attached with power strips
• Cross-check the inner wiring/circuit

5. Needle break or blunt:

If you do not replace the needle after a project then it could break due to over usage. But if the situation is not like that then

  • Observe the size or type of needle according to the project/fabric. Special needle requires for a special fabric.
  • Make sure the perfect rhythm of pulling the fabric and sewing
  • If the needle or other related accessories are loose, then fix it.
  • Pressure foot must be attached correctly, and it should produce balanced foot pressure.
  • Ensure the stitching settings. If it is set as zigzag, then it may break
  • Be careful in sewing over pin especially when sewing zipper.
  • Lastly, have a look at the tension setting.

6. Skipping stitching:

It is very common but painful experience when occasionally the machine skips stitching. To recover the situation, you must

  • General cause is the needles, so replace the inexpensive part
  • Choose needle as per the fabric like sharp one for woven and ballpoint for sewing knit
  • Check the thread quality
  • If required guide the fabric through the feed
  • Ensure putting exact pressure in the pressure foot.
  • Clean shuttle area and teeth accurately and lubricant the machine.

7. Continuously your thread is bunching up and looping:

To solve this bird-nesting apply the below solution one by one.

  • Check your needle thread tension and reset the dial to medium level
  • Clear dust and dirt near/under to the machine, tension dial, throat plate or needle plate
  • Recheck bobbin thread alignment
  • If the feed dog is down, then fix this

8. Breaking/breaching thread:

The most happening cause is the threading process, so fix it as per your machine manual. But if the problem still persists then

  • Change the needles if it is damaged due to some reasons
  • Compare the needle compatibility with the fabric style
  • The tension of threading should not be too tight so check that
  • Quality threads matters, so replace the poor class.
  • If the spool caught it, then the thread may break, so ensure that also.

9. The fabric stopped feeding:

If this happens, then you should follow specific guideline as.

  • Pressure foot/feed teeth should not be down at any costs
  • Choose correct foot
  • Replace the feed teeth if it loses the sharpness
  • If the pressure foot is low, then increase the speed manually so that it could feed the fabric
  • If the stitch length is near to zero, then fix this
  • Flip the fabric to check the knot of the thread.

10. Seam Puckering When Sewing:

When you are sewing silky fabric, naturally you need more time and patience but puckering may make this job more tedious. Before blaming your luck, check the causing list.

  • The tension of the needle thread should not be too tight
  • Check the user manual and fix the threading methods
  • If the needle is too heavy for the cloth, replace it according to the perfect size/style/types.
  • Thread plate and fix the small nicks that could produce wrinkle.
  • Re-thread the bobbin and check again
  • Rectify the stitching pattern

11. The thread keeps unthreading:

If you failed to thread the sewing machine properly, then this problem will happen.

  • If you miss the hook while threading then fix it
  • There may be lack of thread at the back of a needle
  • Set the metal hook at highest point before start sewing.